Punalu’u Black Sand Beach – A must visit on the Big Island of Hawaii
The Punal’uu Black sand beach is located in the south side of the Big Island close to Naalehu and Pahala in the Kau district. One of the most popular black sand beach to visit and hang out on the island not just for the gorgeous black sand but also the beach is well known for the Hawaiian honu or green sea turtles that like to rest on the warm black sands on the beach area.
History of Punalu’u
Punalu’u in Hawaiian translates into ‘Spring water’ which comes from underwater aquafers in the ground that bubble up to the surface in the ocean beach area. Ancient Hawaiians would actually dive into the bay with gourds and collect fresh water from the underground aquafers for water they could drink and use. The area had multiple uses for ancient Hawaiians that served as a port location, place of tributes and offerings and collecting water.
There is a fishing temple called Ka’ie’I e Heiau overlooking the cliff area with only a raised platform and some rock walls to designate the ancient heiau. There are two other heiau nearby called heiau complex of Lanipau is gone within the gold course area and the last called Punalu’u Nui which was destroyed to build a wharf complex for the sugar cane industry around the early 1900s. There are also known petroglyphs called Ki’I pohaku found in the beach area near the county park pavilions in a protected area of rock walls surrounding them.
Running through the area was the Ala Kahakai National Historic Trail that served as a link between Hawaiian ritual centers and coastal communities and onto the Volcano area. This is the trail that the god of agriculture and Fertility, Lono traveled from North Kohala all the way down through Kau and then to the Puna district.
During its day, Punalu’u was also a port city with a large pier used to transport sugar cane but with constant ocean turbulence, tsunamis and the severe shoreline erosion, most of the sugar cane activity transferred to the bigger port area of Hilo and the large pier at Punalu’u was eventually abandoned.
Early Christian missionaries created the Hokuloa Church in 1833, a small chapel and cemetery and made their presence known in the area to spread Christianity in the region.
Directions to Punaluu
From Kona, Punaluu is 67 miles away, From Waikoloa, Punaluu is 2 ½ hour drive from the Waikoloa area. Punaluu is an easy stop to make on the way to Volcanoes National Park
From Hilo, Punaluu is 58.3 miles on Hwy 11
From Volcano Village Punaluu is 31 miles drive on Hwy 11
Attractions and activities on the beach
If the beach and waves are calm on the beach, swimming and snorkeling is possible on the beach. Check in with the lifeguards to understand what the situation is during your visit to the area. The boat ramp to the end of the beach is perfect for getting into the water and snorkeling is good off the rocky area there. You’ll find that the water is warm and cool with the cold fresh water mixing in with the ocean water and giving these unusual water sensations.
Check out the tidepool area in the beach area for spotting interesting marine life in the water and rocks
Watch the sea turtles from a safe distance, the endangered green turtles and hawksbill turtles do rest on the beach area regularly to help regulate their system which also helps in their digestive process. Turtles are not to be touched and a distance of 10 feet is required because their immune system is not protected by human bacteria.
Other endangered animals that visit the area regularly include the Hawaiian monk seal, the Hawaiian Io hawk that lives in the trees. Also, the endangered bat, Hawaiian hoary bat, flies over the area and lives in Punalu’u.
Visit the Anchialine ponds in the middle of the beach which are old brackish ponds that are close to the shoreline and house rare and fragile plants and animals.
Go on some hikes around the coastline and trails in the area to discover more of the beautiful scenery and landscape in the area.
You can camp in the area with permits.
Amenities on the beach
Showers and restrooms
Lifeguard stations are open from 8:30 to 5pm daily
Picnic pavilions and barbeque pits
Amenities on the beach
Details to visiting
Located on the south side in the Kau district which is known for strong ocean currents, the beach is not always the best for swimming or snorkeling, but it is perfect for nice long walks on the sand, beach combing, picnics and checking out those boulders in the sand that are actually sleeping turtles.
Turtles are endangered and you need to maintain a distance of 10 feet from all turtles
There is snorkeling at Ninole cove on the southern end and a short walk from this beach with some easier entry points. Do not try to snorkel on rough surf days with undertow or waves you can visually see.
Reef shoes are good if you are planning on checking out the tidepools and maybe a dip into the ocean if the water is calm.
Things to see around the south side of the Big Island
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